An estimated 1.1 billion people in the world are unable to prove their identity. Identification matters. Why ?
Without official identification, a person can struggle to access:
- Financial services, such as opening a bank account or obtaining capital and credit
- Social benefits, including food vouchers, pensions, or cash transfers
- Healthcare, such as health insurance, vaccinations, and maternal care
- Education, such as enrolling children in school or applying for scholarships
- Political and legal rights, such as voting, filing petitions in courts, owning property, or receiving an inheritance
- Gender equality, including prevention of early and child marriage
- Migration, including seeking asylum and crossing borders legally and safely
Collectively, the barriers individuals face in turn create larger barriers for the countries they live in.
Without strong identification systems, countries can struggle to:
- Deliver vital services to people
- Govern effectively
- Eliminate duplicative or inefficient programs
- Make efficient use of limited resources
- Produce statistics accurately
At the The World Bank Group, the ID4D program helps countries analyze problems, design solutions, and implement new systems to increase the number of people with official identification and the development impact of the overall identification system. When more people have formal identification and identification systems function well, individuals access necessary services, governments function better, use resources more efficiently, and improve statistics to better inform their future policies.